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Liver Disease In Dogs

Liver is one of the important organs of the dog. It helps with digestion and blood clotting. It also removes toxins from the system. When it malfunctions or becomes infected, it can make your dog very sick. Canine liver disease is dangerous but can be treated and managed. Learn about the signs, care, prevention, causes and diagnosis of canine liver disease and how to provide your furry friend with adequate nutrition to keep them living a long and healthy life.

Symptoms Of Canine Live Disease:

The symptoms of Canine Liver Disease that you need to be aware of include:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Weakness
  • Weight loss
  • Diarrhea or vomiting
  • Increased thirst
  • An unstable walk
  • Increased urination
  • Confusion
  • Jaundice
  • Blood in urine or stools
  • Ascites ( a buildup of fluid in the body)
  • Seizures

Causes Of Canine Liver Disease:       

Causes of Canine liver disease may include:

  • Wear and tear from ageing
  • Genetics
  • Infection
  • Trauma
  • Toxic plants, moulds and herbs
  • Heartworm infection
  • Diabetes
  • Pancreatic issues
  • Painkillers
  • Fatty foods

Treatment Of Canine Liver Disease:

Hospitalization is essential for the diagnosis of acute liver failure. Fluids and electrolytes, along with colloid replacements and oxygen supplementation, are essential elements of treatment and care. Your dog should be put on restricted activity to give the liver an opportunity to regenerate. Catheter feeding is recommended for dogs suffering from liver disease, whereas enteric fed (fed directly to the intestines) in small quantities is recommended for otherwise healthy dogs. A standard protein diet with supplementary vitamins E and K is recommended. Common medicines used for liver failure are anti-emetics, medicines for hepatic encephalopathy (brain disease, with or without edema), hepatoprotectors (to reduce the activity of aminotransferases), coagulopathy medications, and antioxidants.

Diagnosis Of Canine Liver Disease:

Liver disease is diagnosed by multiple blood and urine samples, abdominal x-rays, and abdominal ultrasound. In certain cases, a liver biopsy is required to determine the cause of liver disease.

Prevention Of Canine Liver Disease:

Don’t let your dog drink from stagnant or potentially unclean water sources because they can contain molds and blue-green algae, which can cause acute liver failure. Maintain your dog’s weight with a healthy diet and exercise routine. This can help avoid illnesses that can lead to liver disease.


It’s important to choose the best food and supplements for your pet, especially if your pet has something like liver disease that weakens its immune system.

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